Hydroxyl-Bonded Ru on Metallic TiN Surface Catalyzing CO2 Reduction with H2O by Infrared Light

Bo Su, Yuehua Kong, Sibo Wang*, Shouwei Zuo, Wei Lin, Yuanxing Fang, Yidong Hou, Guigang Zhang, Huabin Zhang, Xinchen Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Synchronized conversion of CO2 and H2O into hydrocarbons and oxygen via infrared-ignited photocatalysis remains a challenge. Herein, the hydroxyl-coordinated single-site Ru is anchored precisely on the metallic TiN surface by a NaBH4/NaOH reforming method to construct an infrared-responsive HO-Ru/TiN photocatalyst. Aberration-corrected high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (ac-HAADF-STEM) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) confirm the atomic distribution of the Ru species. XAS and density functional theory (DFT) calculations unveil the formation of surface HO-RuN5-Ti Lewis pair sites, which achieves efficient CO2 polarization/activation via dual coordination with the C and O atoms of CO2 on HO-Ru/TiN. Also, implanting the Ru species on the TiN surface powerfully boosts the separation and transfer of photoinduced charges. Under infrared irradiation, the HO-Ru/TiN catalyst shows a superior CO2-to-CO transformation activity coupled with H2O oxidation to release O2, and the CO2 reduction rate can further be promoted by about 3-fold under simulated sunlight. With the key reaction intermediates determined by in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) and predicted by DFT simulations, a possible photoredox mechanism of the CO2 reduction system is proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27415-27423
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number50
StatePublished - Dec 20 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 American Chemical Society

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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