Molecular mimicry is one of the powerful stratagems that pathogens employ to colonise their hosts and take advantage of host cell functions to guarantee their replication and dissemination. In particular, several viruses have evolved the ability to interact with host cell components through protein short linear motifs (SLiMs) that mimic host SLiMs, thus facilitating their internalisation and the manipulation of a wide range of cellular networks. Here we present convincing evidence from the literature that motif mimicry also represents an effective, widespread hijacking strategy in prokaryotic and eukaryotic parasites. Further insights into host motif mimicry would be of great help in the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms behind host cell invasion and the development of anti-infective therapeutic strategies.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUK-I1-012-43
Acknowledgements: The authors are grateful to David G. Biron (CNRS, France), Toby J. Gibson (EMBL, Germany), and Vincenzo Petrarca (Sapienza University, Italy) for critically reading the manuscript and providing fruitful suggestions. A.V. acknowledges the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Award No. KUK-I1-012-43 for funding support. C.B. and A.Z. received financial support from the French 'Plan Cancer 2009-2013' (Systems Biology call, A12171AS).
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.