Forward osmosis (FO) has attracted wide attention in recent years. However, the FO performance may be restricted due to internal concentration polarization (ICP) and fast fouling propensity that occurs in the membrane sublayer. Particularly, these problems significantly affect the membrane performance when treating highly contaminated oily wastewater. Recently, double-skinned flat sheet cellulose acetate (CA) membranes consisting of two selective skins via the phase inversion method have demonstrated less ICP and fouling propensity over typical single-skinned membranes. However, these membranes exhibit low water fluxes of
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: The authors would like to thank the Singapore National Research Foundation under its Competitive Research Program for the project entitled "Advanced FO Membranes and Membrane Systems for Wastewater Treatment, Water Reuse, and Seawater Desalination" (Grant Nos. R-279-000-336-281 and R-278-000-339-281) and the Kraton Polymers, LLC. for the project entitled "Evaluation of Nexar Polymers for Water Filtration Applications" (Grant No. R-279-000-396-597). Thanks are due to Dr. C. L. Willis for his kind support and help.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry
- General Chemistry