Combining high charge carrier mobility with ambipolar transport in light-absorbing organic semiconductors is highly desirable as it leads to enhanced charge photogeneration, and hence improved performance, in various optoelectronic devices including solar cells and photodetectors. Here we report the development of [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PC61BM)-based ultraviolet (UV) phototransistors with balanced electron and hole transport characteristics. The latter is achieved by fine-tuning the source-drain electrode work function using a self-assembled monolayer. Opto/electrical characterization of as-prepared ambipolar PC61BM phototransistors reveals promising photoresponse, particularly in the UV-A region (315-400 nm), with a maximum photosensitivity and responsivity of 9 × 103 and 3 × 103 A/W, respectively. Finally, the temporal response of the PC61BM phototransistors is found to be high despite the long channel length (10 s of μm) with typical switching times of <2 ms.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
*E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. ORCID Thomas D. Anthopoulos: 0000-0002-0978-8813 Author Contributions The work reported here was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). W.H., Y.-H.L., and T.D.A. designed the experiments, analyzed the experimental data, and wrote the article. W.H., and Y.-H.L., carried out the experimental work. All authors have given approval to the final version of the manuscript. Notes The authors declare no competing financial interest.
© 2018 American Chemical Society.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)