The velocity fields measured by experiments or determined through simulations are essential in advancing our understanding of the complex atomization process of impinging jets. However, existing methods are expensive and time-consuming. In this study, we apply deep learning to the estimation of the three-dimensional velocity fields produced by the atomization of two impinging jets. Two deep learning models are developed, namely, a liquid volume fraction (LVF) estimation model based on the Swin Transformer architecture and a three-dimensional velocity field estimation model based on four-dimensional convolution (4D-Conv). The dataset for training the models is generated by direct numerical simulations (DNS). To train the LVF model, we utilize two gray images generated by a pinhole camera model, mimicking the acquisition of experimental images. We then introduce a mask generated by binocular vision techniques into the LVF model. The LVF fields estimated with the mask are in better agreement with the reference DNS data. We further utilize the estimated LVF fields to train the 4D-Conv-based model. The mean absolute percentage error compared with the results of a full-flow test is found to be less than 5%. The results indicate that the proposed approach has the potential to accurately reconstruct volume velocity data from two-dimensional images.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-06-16
Acknowledgements: The authors would like to acknowledge the research grants received from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 12072194 and 51806013), Foundation Research Funds of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (Grant No. JCKY2019602D018), and Beijing Institute of Technology Research Fund Program for Young Scholars (Grant No. 2020CX04047).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics