High performance mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) composed of ZIF-94 filler and 6FDA-DAM polymer

Miren Etxeberria-Benavides*, Oana David, Timothy Johnson, Magdalena M. Łozińska, Angelica Orsi, Paul A. Wright, Stefan Mastel, Rainer Hillenbrand, Freek Kapteijn, Jorge Gascon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations


Carbon capture and storage (CCS) using membranes for the separation of CO2 holds great promise for the reduction of atmospheric CO2 emissions from fuel combustion and industrial processes. Among the different process outlines, post-combustion CO2 capture could be easily implemented in existing power plants. However, for this technology to become viable, new membrane materials have to be developed. In this article we present the development of high performance mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) composed of ZIF-94 filler and 6FDA-DAM polymer matrix. The CO2/N2 separation performance was evaluated by mixed gas tests (15CO2:85N2) at 25 °C and 1–4 bar transmembrane pressure difference. The CO2 membrane permeability was increased by the addition of the ZIF-94 particles, maintaining a constant CO2/N2 selectivity of ~22. The largest increase in CO2 permeability of ~ 200% was observed for 40 wt% ZIF-94 loading, reaching the highest permeability (2310 Barrer) at similar selectivity among 6FDA-DAM MMMs reported in literature. For the first time, the ZIF-94 metal organic framework crystals with particle size smaller than 500 nm were synthesized using nonhazardous solvent (tetrahydrofuran and methanol) instead of dimethylformamide (DMF) in a scalable process. Membranes were characterized by three non-invasive image techniques, i.e. SEM, AFM and nanoscale infrared imaging by scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy (s-SNOM). The combination of these techniques demonstrates a very good dispersion and interaction of the filler in the polymer layer, even at very high loadings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-207
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
StatePublished - Mar 15 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Authors


  • CO capture
  • Metal organic frameworks
  • Mixed matrix membrane
  • ZIF-94

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


Dive into the research topics of 'High performance mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) composed of ZIF-94 filler and 6FDA-DAM polymer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this