Achieving a molecular level understanding of surface performance of nanomaterials by modulating the electronic structure is important but challenging. Here, we have developed a hollow microcube framework constructed by Mo-defect-rich ultrathin MoS2 nanosheets (HMF-MoS2) through a zeolite-like-framework-engaged strategy. The hollow structured HMF-MoS2 delivers an impressive specific capacity (384.3 mA h g-1 after 100 cycles at 100 mA g-1) and cycle stability (267 mA h g-1 after 125 cycles at 1 A g-1) for sodium storage. As evidenced by experiments and density functional theory calculations, abundant Mo vacancies in MoS2 can greatly accelerate the charge transfer and enhance the interaction between MoS2 and sodium, resulting in the promotion of sodium storage. Kinetic analysis result reveals that the ultrafast sodium ion storage of HMF-MoS2 could be associated with the significant contribution of capacitive energy storage. This work highlights the detailed molecular level understanding of chemical reaction on MoS2 surface by defect and morphology engineering, which can be applied to other metal sulfides for energy storage devices.
Bibliographical noteGenerated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2022-09-15
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Materials Science(all)