Hierarchical auto-ignition and structure-reactivity trends of C2-C4 1-Alkenes

Wuchuan Sun, Yingjia Zhang, Yang Li, Zuohua Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Ignition delay times of small alkenes are a valuable constraint for the refinement of the core kinetic mechanism of hydrocarbons used in representing combustion properties of real fuels. Moreover, the chemical reactivity comparison of those small alkenes provides a reference in object-oriented fuel design and logical combustion utilization. In this study, the ignition delay times of C2-C4 alkenes (ethylene, propene and 1-butene) were measured behind reflected shock waves first, with a fixed oxygen concentration (XO2 = 6%) and equivalence ratio (φ = 1.0) at various pressures of 1.2, 4.0 and 16.0 atm, in order to facilitate the comparison. Three chemical-based-Arrhenius-type correlations covering a wide range of temperature, pressure, equivalence ratio, and dilution were proposed. The simplified reaction network for pyrolysis and oxidation of 1-alkenes was depicted relying on the reaction classes of alkenes. Nine generally accepted mechanisms were used to simulate the ignition delay times measured by this study as well as literature. All the kinetic models show reasonable structure-reactivity trends for all of the three alkenes, but only NUIGMech 1.1 is capable of representing quantificationally the chemical reactivity at all tested conditions. Generally, ethylene exhibits the highest reactivity while propene presents the lowest at high temperatures. Analyses of sensitivity and flux indicate that the main oxidation pathway of ethylene is chain-branching, which accelerates the accumulation of free radical pools, especially for the Ḣ atom, O atom and OH radical, which results in the highest reactivity of ethylene. For propene and 1-butene, due to the presence of the allylic site, consumption of allylic radicals becomes the decisive step of oxidation and allylic radicals are mostly consumed by the HO2 radical. However, there are no such efficient reaction pathways for the formation of HO2 radicals during the propene oxidation process, while reaction pathways for HO2 formation in 1-butene are efficient. Thus, 1-butene presents higher reactivity compared to propene.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-10-22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science


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