H2O temperature sensor for low-pressure flames using tunable diode laser absorption near 2.9 νm

Sijie Li, Aamir Farooq, Ronald Kenneth Hanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Making use of a newly available rapid-tuning diode laser operating at wavelengths up to 2.9 νm, an absorption-based temperature sensor was developed for in situ measurements in low-pressure flames. Based on the systematic analysis of H2O vapor transitions in the fundamental vibrational bands (ν1 and ν3) of H2O in the range of 2.5-3.0 νm, an optimal closely-spaced spectral line pair near 2.9 νm was selected for its temperature sensitivity in the range of 1000-2500 K. The narrow-linewidth room-temperature laser was scanned repetitively across these spectral features at 5 kHz, enabling fast, accurate temperature sensing. Use of the temperature sensor was investigated in low-pressure flames supported on a McKenna burner at 15, 25 and 60 Torr. To avoid absorption by the cold gases in the flame edges and the recirculation region between the burner and the vacuum chamber wall, a variable-path in situ probe was designed and an optimal path length was determined to accurately measure the flame centerline temperature. Different flame conditions were investigated to illustrate the potential of this sensor system for sensitive measurements of combustion temperature in low-pressure flames. © 2011 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125301
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Oct 19 2011

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: We gratefully acknowledge support from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) with Dr Julian Tishkoff as the technical monitor, and the US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, with Dr Wade Sisk as the technical monitor. We would like to thank Nils Hansen and Paul Fugazzi from SANDIA National Laboratories for providing access to the low-pressure burner used for this study.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Applied Mathematics


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