Layered hexagonal-boron nitride (h-BN) films were synthesized by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on Ni foils using ammonia borane as a precursor. Confocal Raman spectroscopy and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) were used to probe the effect of underlying Ni crystals with various orientations on growth behaviors of h-BN layers. The growth of the h-BN layers strongly depends on the Ni crystal orientations, where the growth rate of h-BN is larger on Ni(100)-like crystal surfaces but the growth on Ni(111)-like surfaces is not detectable, suggesting that Ni (100)-like facets are likely to promote the growth of h-BN compared with Ni (111)-like surfaces. The observation is in clear contrast to the reported growth of h-BN on Ni(111) in an ultrahigh vacuum environment. The as-grown CVD h-BN films on Ni exhibit a layered structure as revealed by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Thin h-BN layers are found on the Ni domain with a low growth rate. The observation of h-BN growth on various Ni grains may provide insights for the control of thickness, size and morphology of CVD h-BN films.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)