Growth of 2H stacked WSe2 bilayers on sapphire

Ali Han, Areej Aljarb, Sheng Liu, Peng Li, Chun Ma, Fei Xue, Sergei Lopatin, Chih Wen Yang, Jing Kai Huang, Yi Wan, Xixiang Zhang, Qihua Xiong, Kuo Wei Huang, Vincent Tung*, Thomas D. Anthopoulos, Lain Jong Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Bilayers of two-dimensional (2D) transition metal chalcogenides (TMDs) such as WSe2 have been attracting increasing attention owing to the intriguing properties involved in the different stacking configurations. The growth of bilayer WSe2 by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) has been facilely obtained without proper control of the stacking configuration. Herein, we report the controlled growth of bilayer WSe2 crystals as large as 30 μm on c-plane sapphire by the CVD method. Combining second harmonic generation (SHG), low-frequency Raman and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), we elucidate the as-grown bilayer WSe2 with a 2H stacking configuration. Atomic force microscope (AFM) measurements reveal that the prominent atomic steps provide the energetically favorable templates to guide the upper layer nuclei formation, resembling the "graphoepitaxial effect" and facilitating the second WSe2 layer following the layer-by-layer growth mode to complete the bilayer growth. Field-effect charge transport measurement performed on bilayer WSe2 yields a hole mobility of up to 40 cm2 V-1 s-1, more than 3× higher than the value achieved in monolayer WSe2-based devices. Our study provides key insights into the growth mechanism of bilayer WSe2 crystals on sapphire and unlocks the opportunity for potential bilayer and multilayer TMD electronic applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1434-1442
Number of pages9
JournalNanoscale Horizons
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
T. D. A., V. T., X. Z., and L. L. acknowledge the support from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. V. T. acknowledges the support from User Proposals (#4420 and #5067) at the Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, supported by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. We would also like to acknowledge the support from Core Lab in KAUST.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Growth of 2H stacked WSe2 bilayers on sapphire'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this