Graphitic Carbon Nitride and IGZO Bio-FET for Rapid Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction

Walaa Khushaim, Mani Teja Vijjapu, Saravanan Yuvaraja, Veerappan Mani, Khaled N. Salama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Acute myocardial infarction (AMI), commonly known as a heart attack, is a life-threatening condition that causes millions of deaths every year. In this study, a transistor-based biosensor is developed for rapid and sensitive detection of cardiac troponin-I (cTnI), a diagnostic biomarker of AMI. A biosensing technique based on a field effect transistor (FET), which uses indium gallium zinc oxide (IGZO) as an excellent semiconducting channel, is integrated with nanosheet materials to detect cTnI. Porous carbon nitride (PCN) decorated with gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) is used as a bridge between the solid-state device and the biorecognition element. We demonstrate that this biosensor is highly sensitive and has an experimental limit of detection of 0.0066 ng/mL and a dynamic range of 0.01 ng/mL–1000 ng/mL. This is the first report of a semiconducting metal oxide FET cardiac biomarker sensor combined with PCN for the detection of cTnI. The reported compact microsystem paves the way for rapid and inexpensive detection of cardiac biomarkers.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)836
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 7 2022

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-10-10
Acknowledgements: The authors thank Andrea Devlin for proofreading the manuscript. We acknowledge the financial support from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia. In addition, we acknowledge the funding from the KAUST smart health initiative.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry


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