Graphene quantum dots-based nanocomposite for electrocatalytic application of L-cysteine in whole blood and live cells

P. Arul, Sheng Tung Huang, Veerappan Mani, Chih Hung Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Driven by the urgent need to detect amino acids in live cells at trace levels, as they are an important biomarker for various diseases. For this purpose, we have developed a nanomolar level detection of L-cysteine (L-Cys) and real-time cellular quantification from live cells based on graphene quantum dots (GQDs)-AuNPs-metal-free organic framework (MFOF). Different analytical and microscopic techniques were used to confirm the synthesized nanocomposite. The sensitive electrochemical sensing system of L-Cys-was detected synergistically with GQDs-AuNPs-MFOF/GCE by voltammetry and amperometric i-t curve. The electrocatalytic oxidation signal of L-Cys-at Epa = none, +0.45, +0.36 and +0.21 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) with enhanced current responses were observed at control GCE, MFOF, GQDs-MFOF, and GQDs-AuNPs-MFOF/GCEs by DPV. The nanocomposite modified sensor probe showed a wide linear range concentration from 1 nM to 0.5 mM with LOD of 0.124 nM (S/N = 3), LOQ of 0.863 nM (S/N = 10) and sensitivity of 2.364 μA μM−1 cm−2. Subsequently, the selective detection of L-Cys-in the presence of possible other interfering biothiols. amino acids, and metal ions were achieved. The practical application was demonstrated in human whole blood and bio-fluid samples. Finally, the endogenous real-time detection of cellular cysteine in live cells was demonstrated.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140937
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume428
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 8 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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