Graphene-Au nanoparticle based vertical heterostructures: a novel route towards high- ZT Thermoelectric devices

Zhen-Yu Juang, Chien-Chih Tseng, Yumeng Shi, Wen-Pin Hsieh, Sou Ryuzaki, Noboru Saito, Chia-En Hsiung, Wen-Hao Chang, Yenny Hernandez, Yu Han, Kaoru Tamada, Lain-Jong Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Monolayer graphene exhibits impressive in-plane thermal conductivity (>1000Wm–1 K–1). However, the out-of-plane thermal transport is limited due to the weak van der Waals interaction, indicating the possibility of constructing a vertical thermoelectric (TE) device. Here, we propose a cross-plane TE device based on the vertical heterostructures of few-layer graphene and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on Si substrates, where the incorporation of AuNPs further inhibits the phonon transport and enhances the electrical conductivity along vertical direction. A measurable Seebeck voltage is produced vertically between top graphene and bottom Si when the device is put on a hot surface and the figure of merit ZT is estimated as 1 at room temperature from the transient Harman method. The polarity of the output voltage is determined by the carrier polarity of the substrate. The device concept is also applicable to a flexible and transparent substrate as demonstrated.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-391
Number of pages7
JournalNano Energy
StatePublished - Jun 3 2017

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan under Contract No. MOST 104 – 2112 – M – 006 – 001, MOST 103–2112-M-001 −001 -MY3 and MOST 104–2112-M-001 −045. LJL, CCT, YS acknowledge the support from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. Y.S. acknowledges the support from the Thousand Young Talents Program of China, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51602200) and Educational Commission of Guangdong Province (Grant No. 2016KZDXM008). This project was supported by Shenzhen Peacock Plan (Grant No. KQTD2016053112042971).


Dive into the research topics of 'Graphene-Au nanoparticle based vertical heterostructures: a novel route towards high- ZT Thermoelectric devices'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this