Gibberellic acid induces cytoplasmic acidification in maize coleoptiles

Christoph A. Gehring*, Heien R. Irving, Roger W. Parish

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), fusicoccin and weak acids all lower the cytoplasmic pH (pHi) and induce elongation growth of maize (Zea mays L.) coleoptiles. Gibberellic acid (GA3) also induces elongation growth and we have used confocal laser scanning microscopy to study the effects of GA3 on pHi employing the pH-indicator dyes, 2′,7′-bis(2-carboxyethyl)-5-(and-6) carboxyfluorescein and carboxy-semi-naphthorhodafluor-1. We confirm that GA3 induces growth significantly in light-grown but only slightly or not at all in dark-grown coleoptiles. The growth induced by IAA treatment was similar in light- and dark-grown coleoptiles. The pHi decreased by up to 0.6 units during the first 7 min of GA3 or IAA treatment of both light- and dark-grown coleoptiles. Gibberellic acid inhibited IAA-induced growth of dark-grown coleoptiles. Hence, in dark-grown coleoptiles GA3 may activate either directly or indirectly reactions that interfere with the signalling pathway leading to elongation growth. The possible role of pHi in growth is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)532-540
Number of pages9
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • Auxin
  • Cytoplasmic pH
  • Elongation growth
  • Gibberellin
  • Zea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Plant Science


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