Geophysical methods have played a crucial role in subsurface characterization, in the detection of hydrocarbon and mineral resources, and in monitoring a wide range of subsurface process. Geophysical surveys are minimally invasive and involve low-energy stimuli, thus, they are inherently nondestructive constant-fabric measurements. In addition, the same geophysical assessment takes place in laboratory studies as in field surveys, albeit, laboratory measurements may require careful analysis prior to the interpretation of field data due to frequency-dependent wave dispersion, scattering and other upscaling requirements. Geophysical parameters are most relevant to engineering design.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-04-01
Acknowledgements: This research is supported by the KAUST endowment. The authors are grateful to the organizers of the 4th International Conference on Engineering Geophysics ICEG.