General mechanism and mitigation for strong adhesion of frozen oil sands on solid substrates

Qimeng Yang, Nikoo Moradpour, Jae Bem You, Dehui Wang, Boran Tian, Shaofeng Sun, Qi Liu, Xu Deng, Dan Daniel, Xuehua Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Oil sands adhered on truck bed reduce transport capacity of the truck, require manual cleaning, and create hurdles for automated surface mining. Study on the adhesion properties of oil sands to solid substrates is important to minimize the fouling of substrates during mining operation. In this work, we study the influence of hydrophobicity and mechanical properties of the substrates on the adhesion strength of frozen oil sands. By using an adhesion force apparatus with temperature control, we measure the adhesion strength of both ice and frozen oil sands on six types of substrates with water contact angle from ∼20° to ∼130° and Young's modulus from a few MPa to 300 GPa. A clear linear correlation between the adhesion strength of pure ice and that of frozen oil sands is observed. Furthermore, the adhesion strength increases with the load on the oil sands sample, and reaches a plateau at ∼450 kPa. The maximum adhesion strength may be due to the limit of particle packing of oil sands. We also demonstrate that spray coating of anti-freezing liquids is effective for the mitigation of the adhesion of frozen oil sands. Substrates coated with various anti-freezing liquids showed undetectable oil sands adhesion strength at -20 °C with 0.06 MPa of load. The study on oil sands adhesion and potential fouling mitigation method may provide a potential solution to industries looking to reduce fouling of surfaces by frozen granular matter.
Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Oct 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-02-14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology


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