Many sub-unit vaccines are successful in preventing the occurrence of disease, but their use is largely restrained due to low immunogenicity. Novel carrier-based vaccine could serve as a vaccine adjuvant to overcome low immunogenicity of sub-unit vaccines. The use of liposomes as a delivery system for antigen is well recognized but they are unstable and release of antigen from them cannot be controlled over a prolonged period of time. To overcome the limitation of liposomes, this study has developed gel core liposomes in which a core of polymer was incorporated inside the liposomal vesicles, which serve the function of skeleton and provide mechanical strength to vesicles. In the present investigation BSA-loaded gel core liposomes were prepared by reverse phase evaporation method and characterized for vesicles size, shape, entrapment efficiency, in vitro release and stability studies. The in vivo studies to evaluate antigen presenting potential of the gel-core liposomes was performed in Balb/c mice by measuring the immune response elicited by intramuscular administration of BSA-loaded gel core liposomes and compared with intramuscularly administered BSA-loaded conventional liposomes, alum adsorbed BSA and plain antigen. Results indicate that intramuscular immunization with gel core liposomes induces efficient systemic antibody responses against BSA as compared to other formulations. The gel core liposomal formulation provides good entrapment efficiency, enhanced in vitro stability, prolonged antigen release and effective immunoadjuvant property, justifying its potential for improved vaccine delivery.
Bibliographical noteGenerated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-10-12
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry