Gamma-valerolactone (GVL) as a biofuel: Investigation of GVL thermal decomposition and GVL + OH reaction

Dapeng Liu, Aamir Farooq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recent works have highlighted the potential of lignocellulosic-derived γ-valerolactone (GVL) as a promising biofuel or a fuel additive. Its detailed chemistry is, however, not yet well-understood. In this work, we present the first high-temperature measurements of GVL + OH reaction behind reflected shock waves over 990–1294 K and pressures ∼ 1.2 bar. Around 990 K, our rate coefficients are ∼3 times faster than the average room-temperature determination. Our measured OH + GVL rate coefficients may be given as (unit: cm3molecule−1s−1): [Formula presented] We also conducted the first direct measurements of GVL thermal decomposition over 1214–1427 K and pressures ∼ 1.4 bar. GVL decomposition rate coefficients exhibit a similar slope to its acyclic counterpart, ethyl propionate, but GVL decomposes ∼80–120 times slower than ethyl propionate. Our determined GVL thermal decomposition rate coefficients may be expressed as (unit of s−1): [Formula presented] Our experimental work represents the first quantitative measurements of the reactions of the lactone family. Both reactions of the lactone family studied here proceeded slower than the normal-chain counterparts which affirms that ring constraints must be considered in rate coefficient analogies between normal-chain and cyclic molecules.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112771
JournalCombustion and Flame
StatePublished - Apr 20 2023

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-05-02
Acknowledgements: Research reported in this publication was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Fuel Technology


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