Fused aromatic thienopyrazines: structure, properties and function

Rajib Mondal, Sangwon Ko, Zhenan Bao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Recent development of a fused aromatic thieno[3.4-b]pyrazine system and their application in optoelectronic devices are reviewed. Introduction of a fused aromatic unit followed by side chain engineering, dramatically enhanced the charge carrier mobility in thin film transistor devices and mobilities up to 0.2 cm2/Vs were achieved. The optoelectronic properties of these fused aromatic thienopyrazine polymers (Eg = 1.3 to 1.6 eV, HOMO = -4.9 to -5.2 V) were tuned by introduction of various fused aromatic rings within thienopyrazine. By balancing the fundamental properties of these polymers, both high charge carrier mobilities and moderate PCEs in solar cells were achieved. Further, effects of copolymerizing units are discussed. Low band gap semiconducting polymer (Eg ∼ 1 eV) with high field effect mobility (0.044 cm2/Vs) was obtained using cyclopentadithiophene as copolymerizing unit. Finally, a molecular design approach to enhance the absorption coefficients is discussed, which resulted in improved power conversion efficiency in bulk heterojunction solar cells. © 2010 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10568
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Issue number47
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUS-C1-015-21
Acknowledgements: This publication was partially based on work supported by the Center for Advanced Molecular Photovoltaics, Award No KUS-C1-015-21, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). We also acknowledge the help of Michael F. Toney, Jean-Luc Brédas, Michael D. McGehee, Eric Verploegen and Anatoliy N. Sokolov.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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