Functional characterization of the SIZ/PIAS-type SUMO E3 ligases, OsSIZ1 and OsSIZ2 in rice

Hyeongcheol Park, Hun Kim, Sungcheol Koo, Heejin Park, Misun Cheong, Hyewon Hong, Dongwon Baek, Woosik Chung, Dohhoon Kim, Ray Anthony Bressan, Sangyeol Lee, Hans Jürgen Bohnert, Daejin Yun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


Sumoylation is a post-translational regulatory process in diverse cellular processes in eukaryotes, involving conjugation/deconjugation of small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) proteins to other proteins thus modifying their function. The PIAS [protein inhibitor of activated signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT)] and SAP (scaffold attachment factor A/B/acinus/PIAS)/MIZ (SIZ) proteins exhibit SUMO E3-ligase activity that facilitates the conjugation of SUMO proteins to target substrates. Here, we report the isolation and molecular characterization of Oryza sativa SIZ1 (OsSIZ1) and SIZ2 (OsSIZ2), rice homologs of Arabidopsis SIZ1. The rice SIZ proteins are localized to the nucleus and showed sumoylation activities in a tobacco system. Our analysis showed increased amounts of SUMO conjugates associated with environmental stresses such as high and low temperature, NaCl and abscisic acid (ABA) in rice plants. The expression of OsSIZ1 and OsSIZ2 in siz1-2 Arabidopsis plants partially complemented the morphological mutant phenotype and enhanced levels of SUMO conjugates under heat shock conditions. In addition, ABA-hypersensitivity of siz1-2 seed germination was partially suppressed by OsSIZ1 and OsSIZ2. The results suggest that rice SIZ1 and SIZ2 are able to functionally complement Arabidopsis SIZ1 in the SUMO conjugation pathway. Their effects on the Arabidopsis mutant suggest a function for these genes related to stress responses and stress adaptation. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1923-1934
Number of pages12
JournalPlant, Cell & Environment
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 18 2010

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by grants from the Biogreen 21 Program (20080401034023) of the Rural Development Administration, the World Class University Program (R32-10148) and the Environmental Biotechnology National Core Research Center (Grant#: R15-2003-012-01002-00) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology in Korea.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Physiology


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