Solar-driven interfacial steam generation provides an opportunity for solar harvesting and freshwater yield as a promising and eco-friendly technology. Here, we demonstrate a sustainable, nontoxic, and highly efficient fully biomass-based GG/CI hydrogel evaporator consisting of gellan gum (GG) hydrogel as the matrix and cuttlefish ink (CI) as the photothermal material. Induced by the ice-template method and freeze-drying method, vertically aligned microchannels are generated along the ice crystal growth direction. Efficient photothermal conversion is enabled by the natural black cuttlefish ink powder and enhanced by the light trapping effect within vertical microchannels. The hydrophilic property of the gellan gum hydrogel and water capillary force in those microchannels boost water pumping to the top interfacial evaporation region. Effective rapid salt self-cleaning behavior is achieved due to the rapid ion diffusion within vertical microchannels. An evaporation rate of 3.1 kg m-2 h-1 under one sun irradiance is demonstrated by this fully biomass-based GG/CI hydrogel evaporator. This work offers a promising alternative for eco-friendly and sustainable freshwater generation with abundant natural biomasses.
Bibliographical noteGenerated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-23
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)