Full-length genome analyses of two new simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) strains from mustached monkeys (C. Cephus) in gabon illustrate a complex evolutionary history among the SIVmus/mon/gsn lineage

Florian Liégeois, Fabian Schmidt, Vanina Boué, Christelle Butel, Fatima Mouacha, Paul Ngari, Bertrand Mve Ondo, Eric Leroy, Jonathan L. Heeney, Eric Delaporte, Martine Peeters, François Rouet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV) mus/mon/gsn lineage is a descendant of one of the precursor viruses to the HIV-1/SIVcpz/gor viral lineage. SIVmus and SIVgsn were sequenced from mustached and greater spot nosed monkeys in Cameroon and SIVmon from mona monkeys in Cameroon and Nigeria. In order to further document the genetic diversity of SIVmus, we analyzed two full-length genomes of new strains identified in Gabon. The whole genomes obtained showed the expected reading frames for gag, pol, vif, vpr, tat, rev, env, nef, and also for a vpu gene. Analyses showed that the Gabonese SIVmus strains were closely related and formed a monophyletic clade within the SIVmus/mon/gsn lineage. Nonetheless, within this lineage, the position of both new SIVmus differed according to the gene analyzed. In poland nef gene, phylogenetic topologies suggested different evolutions for each of the two new SIVmus strains whereas in the other nucleic fragments studied, their positions fluctuated between SIVmon, SIVmus-1, and SIVgsn. In addition, in C1 domain of env, we identified an insertion of seven amino acids characteristic for the SIVmus/mon/gsn and HIV-1/SIVcpz/SIVgor lineages. Our results show a high genetic diversity of SIVmus inmustached monkeys and suggest cross-species transmission events and recombination within SIVmus/mon/gsn lineage. Additionally, in Central Africa, hunters continue to be exposed to these simian viruses, and this represents a potential threat to humans. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2880-2898
Number of pages19
JournalViruses
Volume6
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 22 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-02-15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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