Four-band non-Abelian topological insulator and its experimental realization

Tianshu Jiang, Qinghua Guo, Ruo Yang Zhang, Zhao Qing Zhang, Biao Yang, Che Ting Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Very recently, increasing attention has been focused on non-Abelian topological charges, e.g., the quaternion group Q8. Different from Abelian topological band insulators, these systems involve multiple entangled bulk bandgaps and support nontrivial edge states that manifest the non-Abelian topological features. Furthermore, a system with an even or odd number of bands will exhibit a significant difference in non-Abelian topological classification. To date, there has been scant research investigating even-band non-Abelian topological insulators. Here, we both theoretically explore and experimentally realize a four-band PT (inversion and time-reversal) symmetric system, where two new classes of topological charges as well as edge states are comprehensively studied. We illustrate their difference in the four-dimensional (4D) rotation sense on the stereographically projected Clifford tori. We show the evolution of the bulk topology by extending the 1D Hamiltonian onto a 2D plane and provide the accompanying edge state distributions following an analytical method. Our work presents an exhaustive study of four-band non-Abelian topological insulators and paves the way towards other even-band systems.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 9 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-06-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KAUST20SC01
Acknowledgements: This work is supported by the Hong Kong RGC (AoE/P-502/20, 16310420, and 16307821), the Hong Kong Scholars Program (XJ2019007), the KAUST CRG grant (KAUST20SC01) and the Croucher foundation (CAS20SC01).
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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