Formic acid catalyzed keto-enol tautomerizations for C2 and C3 enols: Implications in atmospheric and combustion chemistry

Manuel Monge Palacios, Edwing Grajales Gonzalez, Mani Sarathy

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8 Scopus citations


Enols are important species in atmospheric and combustion chemistry. However, their implications in these environments are not well established due to a lack of accurate rate constants and mechanisms to determine their fate. In this work, we investigate the formic acid catalyzed keto-enol tautomerizations converting vinyl alcohol, propen-2-ol and 1-propenol into acetaldehyde, acetone and propanal, respectively. High-level ab initio and multistructural torsional variational transition state theory calculations are performed with small-curvature tunneling corrections to obtain rate constants in the temperature range 200 K-3000 K. Tunneling is shown to be pronounced as a consequence of very narrow adiabatic potential energy curves, and indicates a need to revisit previous calculations. We show the implications of the studied reactions on the fate of enols under combustion relevant conditions by detailed kinetic modeling simulations. The yield of vinyl alcohol predicted by our calculated rate constants may be useful to lessen the underestimation of organic acids concentrations in current atmospheric models.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Quantum Chemistry
Issue number21
StatePublished - Apr 9 2019

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-2016-CRG5-3022
Acknowledgements: We acknowledge funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Office of Sponsored Research (OSR), Award No. OSR-2016-CRG5-3022 and the resources of the Supercomputing Laboratory at KAUST. We are grateful to Maria Cecilia Alvarado Bernaldez for her assistance in designing and elaborating the TOC graphic.


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