Flower-like Mn 3 O 4 /CeO 2 microspheres as an efficient catalyst for diesel soot and CO oxidation: Synergistic effects for enhanced catalytic performance

Deshetti Jampaiah, Vijay Kumar Velisoju, Damma Devaiah, Mandeep Singh, Edwin L.H. Mayes, Victoria E. Coyle, Benjaram M. Reddy, Vipul Bansal, Suresh K. Bhargava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations


Synergistic composite metal oxides are proven to be impressive materials due to their multi-functionalities across various catalytic applications. In a composite metal oxide, the interfacial chemistry between the components could provide exceptional redox and catalytic properties. In the present manuscript, the fundamental focus is devoted to investigating the interactions between active metal oxides at their interfaces and the catalytic activities towards diesel soot and CO oxidation. A series of flower-like microspheres namely, CeO 2 , 10%Mn 3 O 4 /CeO 2 , 20%Mn 3 O 4 /CeO 2 , and 40%Mn 3 O 4 /CeO 2 catalysts were synthesized, where the effect of different Mn 3 O 4 loadings towards soot combustion and CO oxidation were investigated. The characteristic 50% conversion temperature (T 50 ) of catalytic soot oxidation under loose and tight contact conditions for CeO 2 microspheres are 502 and 484 °C, respectively. After the integration of Mn 3 O 4 and CeO 2 , the T 50 values were decreased with the lowest values observed for the 20%Mn 3 O 4 /CeO 2 microspheres (381 and 350 °C). Similarly, 20%Mn 3 O 4 /CeO 2 microspheres showed T 50 value at 103 °C for CO oxidation when compared to pure CeO 2 microspheres (216 °C) and Mn 3 O 4 nanoparticles (356 °C). Activation energy values were decreased when the Mn 3 O 4 /CeO 2 composite used in soot and CO oxidation. The high catalytic activity can be attributed to the strong synergistic interactions between CeO 2 and Mn 3 O 4 , variable oxidation states, the amount of readily available surface redox active sites and oxygen vacancies. The possible interfacial interaction between CeO 2 and Mn 3 O 4 can be exploited to exhibit enhanced surface structural, and redox properties when compared to the pure counterparts. Post-catalytic oxidation analysis confirms the high stability of the Mn 3 O 4 /CeO 2 composite. The present study points out the vital role of interfacial interactions in composite metal oxides for improving the surface and redox properties, which are important for the development of highly efficient soot and CO oxidation catalysts.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-221
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Surface Science
StatePublished - Apr 15 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-10-23

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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