Thermal annealing (TA) is one of the most used processing techniques for the fabrication of polymer solar cells. The method is not only used to dry solution-processed films but also for improving the electrical conductivity and the optical absorption of the materials after coating as films. Its use is questionable in combination with high throughput manufacturing techniques such as roll-to-roll large-scale production since annealing times of several minutes already put up high demands on oven lengths. Furthermore, the commonly used flexible substrates are not compatible with high processing temperatures. Therefore, there is a need for more rapid treatment techniques, which do not negatively affect the plastic substrate. Herein, it is successfully demonstrated that flash lamp annealing (FLA) can be a valid alternative to TA. The FLA technique is applied at various pulse durations and thus energy doses to PEDOT:PSS and SnO2 films used as charge extraction layers in conventional and inverted solar cells architectures. In combination with PM6:Y6 photoactive layer, the obtained device's performances are comparable or even better than the devices treated with the classical TA on a hotplate. In terms of energy efficiency, the FLA is clearly more efficient than the TA, even at the size of prototypes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Advanced Materials Interfaces|
|State||Published - Sep 4 2022|
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-09-14
Acknowledgements: HH and ASD were grateful for financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) via the DFG project number 431903417. USS was grateful to the Thüringer Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft und Digitale Gesellschaft (TMWWDG) for funding the CEEC Jena. Open access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering