Flame detachment of jet fires are important in practical application such as elevated flares, where flame detachment is used to minimize damage on nozzle and the attendant fire safety problem. In this work, detachment behavior of a jet flame under crossflow was studied, especially focused on the difference in critical crossflow speeds for flame detachments at the windward and leeward sides of the nozzle exit, such problem has not been quantified previously. Experiments were conducted in a wind tunnel using propane as the fuel by adopting jet nozzles with inner diameters of 3, 5, 8, and 10 mm and an outer diameter of 15 mm; together with inner diameters of 13 and 15 mm and an outer diameter of 20 mm. The results showed that the critical crossflow speeds for flame detachments both at the windward and leeward sides decreased as the jet velocity increased. The critical crossflow speed for flame detachment at the windward side was weakly dependent on nozzle diameter, while that at the leeward side increased with the increase in nozzle diameter. A model was proposed to characterize this difference on the basis of a Damköhler number, which is defined as the ratio of the characteristic mixing time to chemical reaction time. A satisfactory correlation was achieved for the difference in critical crossflow speeds for flame detachments at the windward and leeward sides as a function of fuel jet velocity and nozzle dimensions of inner diameter and wall thickness.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Mechanical Engineering
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry