FjORD: Fair and Accurate Federated Learning under heterogeneous targets with Ordered Dropout

Samuel Horvath, Stefanos Laskaridis, Mario Almeida, Ilias Leontiadis, Stylianos I. Venieris, Nicholas D. Lane

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Federated Learning (FL) has been gaining significant traction across different ML tasks, ranging from vision to keyboard predictions. In large-scale deployments, client heterogeneity is a fact and constitutes a primary problem for fairness, training performance and accuracy. Although significant efforts have been made into tackling statistical data heterogeneity, the diversity in the processing capabilities and network bandwidth of clients, termed as system heterogeneity, has remained largely unexplored. Current solutions either disregard a large portion of available devices or set a uniform limit on the model’s capacity, restricted by the least capable participants. In this work, we introduce Ordered Dropout, a mechanism that achieves an ordered, nested representation of knowledge in deep neural networks (DNNs) and enables the extraction of lower footprint submodels without the need of retraining. We further show that for linear maps our Ordered Dropout is equivalent to SVD. We employ this technique, along with a self-distillation methodology, in the realm of FL in a framework called FjORD. FjORD alleviates the problem of client system heterogeneity by tailoring the model width to the client’s capabilities. Extensive evaluation on both CNNs and RNNs across diverse modalities shows that FjORD consistently leads to significant performance gains over state-of-the-art baselines, while maintaining its nested structure.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication35th Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems, NeurIPS 2021
PublisherNeural information processing systems foundation
Pages12876-12889
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9781713845393
StatePublished - Jan 11 2022

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