First mesomorphic and DFT characterizations for 3- (or 4-) n-alkanoyloxy benzoic acids and their optical applications

Mohamed A. El-Atawy, Mohd Taukeer Khan, Saheed A. Popoola, Muna S. Khushaim, Mariusz Jaremko, Abdul-Hamid M. Emwas, Fowzia S. Alamro, Magdi M. Naoum, Hoda A. Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

New liquid crystalline hydrogen bonded 3- (or 4)-n-alkanoyloxy benzoic acids were synthesized and probed theoretically and experimentally. The molecular structures of these compounds were elucidated by proton NMR, carbon-13 NMR and elemental analyses. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to investigate the thermal and mesomorphic properties of all the symmetrical dimers that bearing identical alkanoyloxy chains. Moreover, polarized optical microscopy (POM) was used to determine their mesophases. The findings show that all the designed symmetrical dimers exhibit the smectic mesophase with relative thermal stability that depends on the length of their terminal side chain. Additionally, the experimental findings of the mesomorphic behavior are further supported by DFT calculations. The alkanoyloxy benzoic acid para-derivatives (In) were shown to be more stable than their meta-substituted (IIn) analogues due to stronger hydrogen bonding interactions. The computed reactivity parameters showed that the position of ester moiety has a significant impact on the acids reactivity. The absorbance spectra of both the 3- (or 4)-n-alkanoyloxy benzoic acids revealed a blue shift with the increment of the of alkyl chain size; however, the energy band gaps of 3-n-alkanoyloxy benzoic derivatives were found to be slightly higher than those of the 4-n-alkanoyloxy benzoic acids. Moreover, the photoluminescence spectrum of the prepared materials is rather broad, and exhibited a red shift as the alkyl chain length increases. The fluorescence lifetime shown to rise as alkyl chain length grows longer, and 3-n-alkanoyloxy benzoic acids have slightly longer lifetime compared to their 4-n-alkanoyloxy benzoic analogues.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e19384
JournalHeliyon
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 28 2023

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-09-04
Acknowledgements: The authors extend their sincere appreciation to “Princess Nourah bint Abdul- rahman University Researchers Supporting Project number (PNURSP2023R107), Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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