FeNi@CNS nanocomposite as an efficient electrochemical catalyst for N2-to-NH3 conversion under ambient conditions

Tayiba Ilyas, Fazal Raziq, Nasir Ilyas, Liuxin Yang, Sharafat Ali, Amir Zada, Syedul Hasnain Bakhtiar, Yong Wang, Huahai Shen, Liang Qiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The electrocatalytic nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) has emerged as a promising renewable energy source and a feasible strategy as an alternative to Haber-Bosch ammonia (NH3) synthesis. However, finding an efficient and cost-effective robust catalyst to activate and cleave the extremely strong triple bond in nitrogen (N2) for electrocatalytic NRR is still a challenge. Herein, a FeNi@CNS nanocomposite as an efficient catalyst for N2 fixation under ambient conditions is designed. This FeNi@CNS nanocomposite was prepared by a simple water bath process and post-calcination. The FeNi@CNS is demonstrated to be a highly efficient NRR catalyst, which exhibits better NRR performance with exceptional Faradaic efficiency of 9.83% and an NH3 yield of 16.52 μg h − 1 cm−2 in 0.1 M Na2SO4 aqueous solution. Besides, high stability and reproducibility with consecutive 6 cycles for two hours are also demonstrated throughout the NRR electrocatalytic process for 12 h. Meanwhile, the FeNi@CNS catalyst encourages N2 adsorption and activation as well as effectively suppressing competitive HER. Therefore, this earth-abundant FeNi@CNS catalyst with a subtle balance of activity and stability has excellent potential in NRR industrial applications.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-66
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
StatePublished - Mar 20 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanical Engineering


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