Femtosecond chirped-probe-pulse coherent anti-stokes Raman scattering thermometry of nitrogen in a piloted spray burner

Levi M. Thomas, Aman Satija, Robert P. Lucht, Albyn Lowe, Assaad Masri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


Chirped-Probe-Pulse, femtosecond Coherent anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) spectroscopy of nitrogen has been shown effective in making high-speed (5 kHz) single-shot temperature measurements in both laminar and turbulent combustion environments. The chirped-probe pulse technique offers one of the shortest integration times of any laser diagnostic technique – appx. 3 ps, and excellent spatial resolution – appx. 1 mm along beam propagation and 75 μm in the transverse dimension. This paper outlines the current work, applying this technique to the two-phase combustion environment in a liquid-fuel spray burner. The research collaboration presented here involves fs CPP CARS measurements in a dilute spray flame of ethanol. This paper presents results from two flame cases: one premixed methane-air flame and one ethanol dilute spray flame. Time-averaged temperature profiles as well as temperature time-histories are presented for both flames. Sources of measurement error are discussed relating to the interference of the methane signal with the nitrogen signal and relating to liquid droplets passing through the laser probe volume. The 5 kHz data acquisition rate was rapid enough to capture smoothly-varying temperature profiles for all but the most turbulent regions. The buildup and decay of temperature oscillatory structures was observed at the flame-coflow boundary in both flames and is discussed. Continuing research is aimed at the expansion of this data set into more complex spray flames of intermediate density.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
ISBN (Print)9781624104473
StatePublished - Jan 5 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-06-28
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): 1975-01
Acknowledgements: Funding for the Purdue part of this research program was provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences under Grant No. DE-FG02-03ER15391 and by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology under CCF sub-award No. 1975-01. Levi Thomas is a PhD candidate in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Purdue University and is supported by a fellowship from the Purdue Military Research Initiative.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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