Porous morphologies have shown great potential in optimizing the capacitance and charge carrier transport for semiconducting polymers in organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs). Nevertheless, it remains arduous and time-consuming to obtain such desired microstructures due to the requirement of rigorous humidity control and templates/additives. Herein, three new glycolated conjugated polymers based on a fused-ring cyclopentadithiophene (CPDT) skeleton are developed, which feature readily obtained large-area porous thin films via spin-casting from binary solvent mixtures under ambient conditions. These polymers afford fascinating capacitances reaching a maximum of 353 F cm-3, which is the highest value reported to date for p-type OECT materials. The optimal combination of volumetric capacitance and hole mobility in a representative polymer enables the fabrication of OECTs with a high μC* value up to 476 F cm-1 V-1 s-1 and a current retention of 98% upon 600 switching cycles. Moreover, the corresponding flexible OECTs exhibit exceptional mechanical stability at various bending radii down to 5 mm and under repetitive bending cycles. This work provides a simple yet effective binary solvent strategy to fabricate porous conjugated polymers for high-performance OECTs and flexible devices, which will further advance the development of organic mixed ionic-electronic conductors in OECT research fields and beyond.
Bibliographical noteGenerated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-21
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)