Fabrication of highly modulable fibrous 3D extracellular microenvironments

Xixiang Zhang, Fangfei Han, Ahad Syed, Ebtihaj Bukhari, Basil Chew Joo Siang, Shan Yang, BingPu Zhou, Wei-jia Wen, Dechen Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Three-dimensional (3D) in vitro scaffolds that mimic the irregular fibrous structures of in vivo extracellular matrix (ECM) are critical for many important biological applications. However, structural properties modulation of fibrous 3D scaffolds remains a challenge. Here, we report the first highly modulable 3D fibrous scaffolds self-assembled by high-aspect-ratio (HAR) microfibers. The scaffolds structural properties can be easily tailored to incorporate various physical cues, including geometry, stiffness, heterogeneity and nanotopography. Moreover, the fibrous scaffolds are readily and accurately patterned on desired locations of the substrate. Cell culture exhibits that our scaffolds can elicit strong bidirectional cell-material interactions. Furthermore, a functional disparity between the two-dimensional substrate and our 3D scaffolds is identified by cell spreading and proliferation data. These results prove the potential of the proposed scaffold as a biomimetic extracellular microenvironment for cell study.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBiomedical Microdevices
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 13 2017

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01


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