Exploring nature's hidden treasure: Unraveling the untapped phytochemical and pharmacological potentials of Clinopodium vulgare L. – A hidden gem in the Lamiaceae family

Kamal Ahmad Qureshi*, Adil Parvez, Mohd Masih Uzzaman Khan, Ashok Aspatwar, Akhtar Atiya, Gamal Osman Elhassan, Riyaz Ahmed Khan, Shakkeela Yusuf Erattil Ahammed, Wasi Uzzaman Khan, Mariusz Jaremko*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Folk medicine, rooted in historical practice, has long been used for medicinal purposes, emphasizing the need to ensure the safety, quality, and efficacy of herbal medicines. This imperative has grown over time, prompting collaborative efforts to document historical records and preserve invaluable knowledge of medicinal plants. The Lamiaceae (Labiatae) family, renowned for its rich assortment of medicinal plants characterized by high concentrations of volatile oils, stands out in this regard. This review focuses on Clinopodium vulgare (C. vulgare) L., commonly known as wild basil or basil thyme, a significant species within the Lamiaceae family found across diverse global regions. C. vulgare boasts a storied history of application in treating various ailments, such as gastric ulcers, diabetes, and inflammation, dating back to ancient times. Rigorous research has substantiated its pharmacological properties, revealing its antioxidant, antiviral, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antihypertensive, and enzyme-inhibitory effects. This comprehensive review provides an insightful overview of the Lamiaceae family, elucidates the extraction methods employed to obtain medicinal compounds, explores the phytoconstituents present in C. vulgare, and systematically details its diverse pharmacological properties. Additionally, the review delves into considerations of toxicity. By synthesizing this wealth of information, this study opens avenues for the potential therapeutic applications of C. vulgare. The practical value of this research lies in its contribution to the understanding of medicinal plants, mainly focusing on the pharmacological potential of C. vulgare. This exploration enriches our knowledge of traditional medicine and paves the way for innovative therapeutic approaches, offering promising prospects for future drug development. As the demand for natural remedies continues to increase, this work provides a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners, and stakeholders in herbal medicine and pharmacology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere24781
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 30 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors


  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anticancer
  • Antihypertensive
  • Antimicrobial
  • Antioxidant
  • Antiviral
  • Clinopodium vulgare
  • Phytocompounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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