Exploring imaging capabilities of the extended prestack wavefield

Tariq Ali Alkhalifah, Zedong Wu, Sergey Fomel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The dynamic form of the double square-root (DSR) equation provides a mechanism to extrapolate prestack wavefields by moving the sources and receivers in space with respect to a potential image (scatterer) point. Its classical implementation for imaging often assumes sources and receivers are at the same horizontal surface. Reverse time migration (RTM), as well as common shot migrations in general, through its separate treatment of the sources and receivers, allows for more exibility in source and receiver configurations. A simple modication to the classical DSR equation provides such exibility. Specically, we define a 7-dimensional prestack wavefield for 3-D media that includes the vertical source and receiver offset. The corresponding dispersion relation can be used to extrapolate such wavefields. However, the cost for such a definition and extrapolation can be prohibitive, considering the high dimensionality of the problem. We reduce the dimensionality by recognizing that the sources and receivers often share the same horizontal plane, and thus, obtain the conventional DSR formulation. An efficient implementation of DSR in time yields extrapolation speeds that nominally exceed those obtained from reverse time migration. We can also reduce the dimensionality by setting the horizontal offset between the source and receiver at the image point to zero, or using a DSR-like formulation to correct for source-receiver vertical offset or topography.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2013
PublisherSociety of Exploration Geophysicists
Number of pages5
StatePublished - Aug 19 2013

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01


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