Exploration of methods used to describe bacterial communities in silage of maize (Zea mays) cultivars

Lorenzo Brusetti, Sara Borin, Aurora Rizzi, Diego Mora, Claudia Sorlini, Daniele Daffonchio*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Different techniques to assess bacterial community structure and diversity were evaluated in silages prepared with four different maize cultivars, three conventional and one transgenic (cv. Tundra, event Bt-176). Plants were cultivated in the greenhouse and harvested after 30 days of growth. Silage samples were collected at successive times during fermentation and analyzed for bacterial counts and by various DNA-based fingerprinting techniques. Bacterial counts were similar between cultivars for the total culturable bacteria, sporeforming, and mesophilic and thermophilic lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Further analysis of the species composition of 388 LAB strains by intergenic transcribed spacer (ITS) PCR followed by sequencing of 16S rRNA gene did not reveal differences between cultivars. In contrast, molecular fingerprinting methods targeting whole bacterial communities, such as automated ribosomal intergenic spacers analysis (ARISA) and 16S rRNA gene length heterogeneity-PCR (LH-PCR), indicated that different maize silage batches or cultivars hosted different bacterial communities. Thus, ARISA and LH-PCR fingerprinting techniques offer a fast and sensitive method to compare bacterial communities, and to detect differences in silage bacterial communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-33
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Biosafety Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Bacterial communities
  • Maize
  • Methods
  • Silage fermentation
  • Transgenic plants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biotechnology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Safety Research


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