Exploiting Wind-Turbine-Mounted Base Stations to Enhance Rural Connectivity

Maurilio Matracia, Mustafa Abdelsalam Kishk, Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Despite global connectivity being one of the main requirements for future generations of wireless networks driven by the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals, telecom providers are economically discouraged from investing in sparsely populated areas, such as rural and remote ones. Novel affordable and sustainable paradigms are thus indispensable to enhance the cellular infrastructure in such areas and bridge the digital divide when compared with urban ones. We investigate the use of wind-turbine-mounted base stations (WTBSs) as a cost-effective solution for regions with high wind energy potential, since it could replace or even outperform current solutions requiring additional cell towers (CTs), satellites, or aerial BSs. Indeed, conveniently installing BS equipment on wind generators would allow the transceivers to reach sufficient altitudes and easily establish line-of-sight channels within large areas. We also propose insightful simulation results for realistic case studies based on datasets for wind speed and population densities as well as wind turbines' and CTs' locations within specific Argentinian and Ethiopian exurban regions. By doing this, we hope to prove the feasibility and effectiveness of this solution and stimulate its implementation.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-56
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Communications Magazine
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-01-25


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