We investigated the detailed spray-wall interaction in partially premixed combustion (PPC) in an optical engine with a wide-angle injector at low engine load. The fuel-trapping effect of the piston top-land crevice was visualized by fuel-tracer planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) for the first time. In agreement with the fuel distribution shown by PLIF, the combustion region first moves into the squish region and then tends to move back to the piston bowl when advancing of the injection timings. Results indicate that a considerable portion of fuel is trapped in the piston top-land crevice for the cases with injection timings at -30° (SOI-30 case) and -40° (SOI-40 case) CA aTDC. The SOI-40 case with earlier injection timing present a backflow process of the trapped fuel from the piston top land crevice to the squish region. However, there is not enough time for the fuel vapor to flow back before the start of combustion for the SOI-30 case, resulting in a relatively lower fuel-air equivalence ratio in the squish region and thus a higher CO emissions than the SOI-40 case. This study provides insights into the fuel distribution characteristics in piston crevice and the potential effects on the engine emissions under PPC condition.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This work was funded by competitive research funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) and Saudi Aramco under the FUELCOM2 program. The authors would like to express our gratitude to our research Technicians, Riyadh Jambi and Adrian. I. Ichim for their support during the experiment at KAUST engine lab.