Experimental study of biogas combustion in an HCCI engine for power generation with high indicated efficiency and ultra-low NOx emissions

Iván D. Bedoya*, Samveg Saxena, Francisco J. Cadavid, Robert W. Dibble, Martin Wissink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations


Combustion parameters and the main exhaust emissions from a biogas fueled HCCI engine are investigated in this study. The study was conducted on a 4-cylinder, 1.9L Volkswagen TDI Diesel engine, which was modified to run in HCCI mode with biogas by means of inlet charge temperature control, boosted intake pressure, and a sonic flow device upstream of the inlet manifold to control biogas composition and the equivalence ratio. For simulating typical power generation conditions, the engine was coupled to an AC motor generator operating at 1800 rpm. In the startup process, gasoline was used in HCCI mode for all cylinders. During the tests, biogas was used in cylinders 2 and 3, and gasoline was used in cylinders 1 and 4 to allow for more stable engine coolant and oil temperatures. The tests were performed through an experimental factorial design to evaluate the effect of inlet charge temperature, boost pressures, and the equivalence ratio of the biogas-air mixture on HCCI combustion parameters and emissions. For biogas at lower equivalence ratios, slight increases in inlet charge temperature and boost pressures enhanced combustion parameters and reduced CO and HC emissions. For biogas at higher equivalence ratios, the effects of inlet charge conditions on HCCI combustion and CO and HC emissions were attenuated; however, ringing intensities and NOx emissions were increased with higher inlet charge temperature and higher boosted pressures. The maximum gross indicated mean effective pressure was 7.4 bar, the maximum gross indicated efficiency was close to 45%, and NOx emissions were below the US-2010 limit of 0.27 g/kW h. These results show that a biogas fueled HCCI engine is a promising option in stationary power generation applications, meeting high efficiency and ultra-low NOx emissions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-162
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Biogas
  • Boost pressure
  • HCCI engine
  • Inlet charge temperature
  • Power generation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


Dive into the research topics of 'Experimental study of biogas combustion in an HCCI engine for power generation with high indicated efficiency and ultra-low NOx emissions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this