Experimental investigation of nonnormality of thermoacoustic interaction in an electrically heated Rijke tube

Sathesh Mariappan, R. I. Sujith, Peter J. Schmid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


An experimental investigation of the non-normal nature of thermoacoustic interactions in an electrically heated horizontal Rijke tube is performed. Since non-normality and the associated transient growth are linear phenomena, the experiments have to be confined to the linear regime. The bifurcation diagram for the subcritical Hopf bifurcation into a limit cycle behavior has been determined, after which the amplitude levels, for which the system acts linearly, have been identified for different power inputs to the heater. There are two main objectives for this experimental investigation. The first one deals with the extraction of the linear eigenmodes associated with the acoustic pressure from experimental data. This is accomplished by the Dynamic Mode Decomposition (DMD) technique applied in the linear regime. The nonorthogonality between the eigenmodes is determined for various values of heater power. The second objective is to identify evidence of transient perturbation growth in the system. The total acoustic energy in the duct has been monitored as the thermoacoustic system evolves from its initial condition. Transient growth, on the order of previous theoretical studies, has been found, and its parameteric dependence on amplitude ratio and phase angle of the initial eigenmode components has been determined. This study represents the first experimental confirmation of non-normality in thermoacoustic systems.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-352
Number of pages38
JournalInternational Journal of Spray and Combustion Dynamics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2022-09-13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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