Experimental investigation of freezing desalination using silicon oil for ice production

Mohamed A. Farahat, Hend A. Faiad, Shehab Ahmed, Muhammad I. Rashad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Because of its potential benefits in lowering process energy consumption, freezing desalination as a seawater desalination method has attracted a lot of attention. However, significant mass loss caused by extensive washing is a fundamental problem preventing the development of freezing desalination technologies. For freezing desalination technology to be widely adopted, the washing process must be eliminated. In this study, a fluid-layer-based method for separating ice is introduced. The density differences between the generated ice and the silicon oil intermediate fluid layer facilitate the separation of the product water without the need of conventional crushing or washing processes. The aim of this work is to study the feasibility and applicability of using silicon oil as an intermediary fluid layer in ice separation during the freezing desalination process. The outcomes show promise for a feasible freezing desalination technique utilizing silicon oil as an intermediate separation layer. It was also observed that as feed salinity decreases, the desalination rate increases. For instance, the distillation rate is 50.89 % and 67.3 % at an initial feed salinity equal 45,000 and 10,000 ppm, respectively. Overall, the initial feed salinity and COP are found to have an impact on specific energy usage.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116664
StatePublished - May 15 2023

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-05-25

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • General Materials Science
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Chemistry
  • Mechanical Engineering


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