Experimental and numerical characterization of a turbulent spray flame

I. Düwel, H. W. Ge, H. Kronemayer*, R. Dibble, E. Gutheil, C. Schulz, J. Wolfrum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


A turbulent ethanol spray flame is characterized through quantitative experiments using laser-based imaging techniques. The data set is used to validate a numerical code for the simulation of spray combustion. The spray burner has been designed to generate a stable flame without the use of a bluff body or a pilot flame facilitating numerical simulations. The experiments include spatially-resolved measurements of droplet sizes (Mie/LIF-dropsizing and PDA), droplet velocity (PDA), liquid-phase temperature (2-color LIF temperature imaging with Rhodamine B) and gas-phase temperature (multi-line NO-LIF temperature imaging). The measurements close to the nozzle exit are used to determine the initial conditions for numerical simulations. An Eulerian-Lagrangian model including spray flamelet modeling is applied to calculate the development of the spray. Good agreement with the experimental data is found. The experimental data set and the numerical results will be published on a website to allow other groups to evaluate their experimental and/or numerical data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2247-2255
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Volume31 II
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes
Event31st International Symposium on Combustion - Heidelberg, Germany
Duration: Aug 5 2006Aug 11 2006


  • LIF thermometry
  • Spray combustion
  • Spray modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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