Future non-terrestrial networks aim to achieve a throughput of Terabits/s. Therefore, free-space optical (FSO) communications have been adopted as a candidate solution due to their ability to achieve an extremely high data rate. Nonetheless, FSO communications are sensitive to the adverse effects of beam scintillation, beam-wander-induced pointing errors, free-space loss, and weather conditions. Space-air-ground (SAG) FSO transmission and hybrid single-hop (SH) FSO/radio frequency (RF) transmission are promising solutions to improve the performance of FSO links and can be integrated into a satellite communication (Satcom) system. In this work, we carry out a thorough capacity analysis of the resulting integrated SAG-FSO/SH-FSO/RF Satcom system, where Gamma-Gamma and Rician distributions are used to characterize FSO and RF links, respectively. The exact analytical expressions are derived and validated by Monte-Carlo simulations. We also obtain asymptotic expressions for the ergodic capacity in the high signal-to-noise ratio region. The numerical results highlight the significant potential of the integrated SAG-FSO/SH-FSO/RF Satcom system over existing solutions. We also show that the integrated Satcom system with intensity modulation and direct detection can achieve a capacity gain over that with a heterodyne detection technique over all satellite zenith angles.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-09-14
Acknowledgements: This work was supported in part by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) Discovery grant.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering