Equitable 6G Access Service via Cloud-Enabled HAPS for Optimizing Hybrid Air-Ground Networks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The evolvement of wireless communication services concurs with significant growth in data traffic, thereby inflicting stringent requirements on terrestrial networks. This work invigorates a connectivity solution that integrates aerial and terrestrial communications with a cloud-enabled high-altitude platform station (C-HAPS) to promote an equitable connectivity landscape. The C-HAPS system is connected to terrestrial base-stations and hot-air balloons via a data-sharing fronthauling strategy. The base-stations and hot-air balloons are then grouped into disjoint clusters and coordinatedly serve both aerial and terrestrial users. The paper focuses on determining the user-to-transmitter scheduling policy and the associated users’ beamforming vectors in the downlink direction of the considered network by maximizing two different objectives: the sum-rate and sum-of-log of the long-term average rate, both subject to limited transmit power and finite fronthaul capacity. The paper uses well-chosen convexification and approximation steps, such as fractional programming and sparse beamforming via re-weighted ℓ0-norm approximation, to solve the two non-convex discrete and continuous optimization problems using numerical iterative optimization algorithms. The results outline the gain illustrated through equitable access service in crowded and unserved areas and showcase the numerical benefits stemming from the proposed C-HAPS coordination of hot-air balloons and terrestrial base-stations for empowering the digital inclusion framework.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • Array signal processing
  • Backhaul networks
  • Cloud computing
  • cloud networks
  • fractional programming
  • High-altitude platforms
  • Interference
  • Programming
  • proportional fairness
  • Resource management
  • Wireless communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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