High-performance tin-lead perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are needed for all-perovskite-tandem solar cells. However, iodide related fast photodegradation severely limits the operational stability of Sn-Pb perovskites despite the demonstrated high efficiency and thermal stability. Herein, this work employs an alkylammonium pseudo-halogen additive to enhance the power conversion efficiency (PCE) and photostability of methylammonium (MA)-free, Sn-Pb PSCs. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that the pseudo-halogen tetrafluoroborate (BF4−) has strong binding capacity with metal ions (Sn2+/Pb2+) in the Sn-Pb perovskite lattice, which lowers iodine vacancy formation. Upon combining BF4− with an octylammonium (OA+) cation, the PCE of the device with a built-in light-scattering layer is boosted to 23.7%, which represents a new record for Sn-Pb PSCs. The improved efficiency benefits from the suppressed defect density. Under continuous 1 sun illumination, the OABF4 embodied PSCs show slower generation of interstitial iodides and iodine, which greatly improves the device photostability under open-circuit condition. Moreover, the device based on OABF4 retains 88% of the initial PCE for 1000 h under the maximum-power-point tracking (MPPT) without cooling.
Bibliographical noteGenerated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-10-23
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)