Enhancing DNN Models for EEG/ECoG BCI With a Novel Data-Driven Offline Optimization Method

Antonios Tragoudaras, Charalampos Antoniadis, Yehia Massoud*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A better understanding of ElectroEncephaloGraphy (EEG) and ElectroCorticoGram (ECoG) signals would get us closer to comprehending brain functionality, creating new avenues for treating brain abnormalities and developing novel Brain-Computer Interface (BCI)-related applications. Deep Neural Networks (DNN)s have lately been employed with remarkable success to decode EEG/ECoG signals for BCI. However, the optimal architectural/training parameter values in these DNN architectures have yet to receive much attention. In addition, new data-driven optimization methodologies that leverage significant advancements in Machine Learning, such as the Transformer model, have recently been proposed. Because an exhaustive search on all possible architectural/training parameter values of the state-of-the-art DNN model (our baseline model) decoding the motor imagery EEG and finger tension ECoG signals comprising the BCI IV 2a and 4 datasets, respectively, would require prohibitively much time, this paper proposes an offline model-based optimization technique based on the Transformer model for the discovery of the optimal architectural/training parameter values for that model. Our findings indicate that we could pick better values for the baseline model's architectural/training parameters, enhancing the baseline model's performance by up to 14.7% in the BCI IV 2a dataset and by up to 61.0% in the BCI IV 4 dataset.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35888-35900
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 IEEE.


  • BCI
  • CNN
  • data-driven optimization
  • deep learning
  • ECoG/EEG signals
  • self-attention model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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