Enhancement of molecular-sieving properties by constructing surface nano-metric layer via vapor cross-linking

Susilo Japip, Kuo Sung Liao, Youchang Xiao, Tai Shung Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Polyamide-based vapor cross-linked layer has been identified to enhance molecular-sieving properties of tris(2-aminoethyl) amine (TAEA) treated 6FDA-Durene membranes. The resultant membranes, with a nano-metric thickness of cross-linked layer, have tunable H2/CO2 separation properties from CO2-selective to H2-selective. Incorporation of less than 100nm ZIF-71 nano-particles boosted the molecular-sieving characteristics of TAEA-treated mixed matrix membranes (MMMs). Not only does the 60-min treated MMM containing 10wt% ZIF-71 show a 34% increment in ideal H2/CO2 selectivity as compared to the membrane without ZIF-71 (62.5 vs. 46.8), but also exhibits a 1.8-fold higher H2 permeability (540 vs. 300Barrer). X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) revealed new N-Zn bonds in TAEA-treated MMMs, owing to the linkage between TAEA and ZIF-71, which may mitigate non-selective interfacial voids in MMMs. As a conclusion, the proposed vapor cross-linking method is approved to solve the most challenging issue (i.e., non-selective interfacial voids) in MMM fabrication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)248-258
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.


  • MMM
  • Molecular-sieving
  • Non-selective interfacial voids
  • Vapor cross-linking
  • ZIF-71

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


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