Pluronic F127 blended polyvinyl chloride (PVC) ultrafiltration (UF) membranes using different loading of inorganic salts (like NaCl, KCl, NH4Cl, MgCl2 and CaCl2) in casting solution involving N-methyl-pyrrolidone solvent are prepared for the cleaning of oilfield produced water with 200 ppm oil concentration. The effect of salt loading in casting solution on the performance of blended PVC membranes is studied by determining the thermodynamic and kinetic effect, membrane hydrophilicity, morphology, pure water flux, oilfield produced water permeate flux, oil rejection and fouling resistance ability. A better performing membrane is obtained using KCl in polymer casting solution involving PVC-14.0 (g), NMP-80.0 (g), Pluronic F127-5.0 (g) and KCl-1.0 (g) with enhanced (i) pure water flux (i.e., 607.8 L m−2 h-1), (ii) produced water permeate flux (i.e., 265.7 L m−2 h-1) and (iii) oil rejection (> 92.8 %) with higher fouling resistance (i.e., flux recover ratio > 71.65 %) when trans membrane pressure is kept at 100 kPa, compared to PVC UF membranes involving CaCl2, MgCl2, NaCl and NH4Cl salts in casting solution. The addition of bentonite nanoclay in Pluronic F127 and KCl-induced PVC casting solution has a significant impact to improve the UF performance and results super-hydrophilic membrane with water contact angle < 10°. An enhancement in pure water and oilfield produced water permeate flux by 42.25 % and 37.61 %, respectively, with oil rejection > 92.0 % is obtained over UF membrane without bentonite.
Bibliographical noteGenerated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-10-22
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Water Science and Technology