Emerging Internet of Things driven carbon nanotubes-based devices

Shu Zhang, Jinbo Pang*, Yufen Li, Feng Yang*, Thomas Gemming, Kai Wang, Xiao Wang, Songang Peng, Xiaoyan Liu, Bin Chang, Hong Liu*, Weijia Zhou, Gianaurelio Cuniberti*, Mark H. Rümmeli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have attracted great attentions in the field of electronics, sensors, healthcare, and energy conversion. Such emerging applications have driven the carbon nanotube research in a rapid fashion. Indeed, the structure control over CNTs has inspired an intensive research vortex due to the high promises in electronic and optical device applications. Here, this in-depth review is anticipated to provide insights into the controllable synthesis and applications of high-quality CNTs. First, the general synthesis and post-purification of CNTs are briefly discussed. Then, the state-of-the-art electronic device applications are discussed, including field-effect transistors, gas sensors, DNA biosensors, and pressure gauges. Besides, the optical sensors are delivered based on the photoluminescence. In addition, energy applications of CNTs are discussed such as thermoelectric energy generators. Eventually, future opportunities are proposed for the Internet of Things (IoT) oriented sensors, data processing, and artificial intelligence. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4613-4637
Number of pages25
JournalNano Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial funds of the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2017YFB0405400) and the Project of “20 items of University” of Jinan (No. 2018GXRC031). W. J. Z thanks the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52022037) and Taishan Scholars Project Special Funds (No. tsqn201812083). J. B. P. shows his gratitude to the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51802116) and the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, China (No. ZR2019BEM040). F. Y. was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 52002165, 92161124, and 21631002), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2021YFA0717400), Shenzhen Basic Research Project (Nos. JCYJ20210324104808022 and JCYJ20170817113121505), Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (No. BNLMS202013), Guangdong Provincial Natural Science Foundation (No. 2021A1515010229), Innovation Project for Guangdong Provincial Department of Education (No. 2019KTSCX155), and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Catalysis (No. 2020B121201002). M. H. R. thanks the National Science Foundation China (No. 52071225), the National Science Center and the Czech Republic under the ERDF program “Institute of Environmental Technology-Excellent Research” (No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000853) and the Sino-German Research Institute for support (Project No. GZ 1400).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).


  • artificial intelligence
  • carbon nanotubes
  • electronic skins
  • electronics
  • Internet of Things
  • sensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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